Town Walls and Defensive System

Old Town

Town Walls and Defensive System

9th-12th century

The town walls and defensive system went through two distinct phases. The first phase was characterised by regular rectangular ashlars, set on the exposed rocky bank. It developed around areas of easy access and corresponding to the expansion of the town, in addition to the castle, in the areas of Poggio and Valle (9th -12th century). The second phase corresponds to Castro Novo.
In the second phase, the ashlars were smaller in size than those of the previous period, and the defence system featured a military system with a moat.
The incorporated towers, along with some towers within the town (Torre di Castello, Torre Cialdi), were used as watchtowers.

There are numerous posterns serving the entrance gates, some with bayonet structures, retaining their original form (Porta Castello), while others are the result of various interventions (Porta Maddalena). The layout has also undergone transformations due to changing urban needs, such as the Barriera San Giusto. Some extra-moenia towers, no longer existing (Tower di Corneto), remodelled or in ruins (Torre degli Appestati, Torre Caciola, Torre degli orti), are noteworthy.
In the fresco with the genealogy of Corito in the Palazzo comunale (C. Donati repainted by M. Gherardini, 1734), the defensive system of Corneto appears, on the whole, as it is today.

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Photography by: César Vásquez Altamirano, Tiziano Crescia, Roberto Romano, Sailko Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported, Paolo Monti

Translations by Ylenia Marcucci e Alessandro Rotatori